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TRIZ40 V2.1

© SolidCreativity 2014

TRIZ Matrix and the 40 Principles are based on G. Altshuller's work.

Website by PAO and Olivier Goguel

TRIZ Matrix...

The TRIZ Matrix is a database of KNOWN SOLUTIONS (Principles) able to OVERCOME CONTRADICTIONS.Contradiction TRIZ

You need a static object to be longer without becoming heavier. This is a contradiction. The improving feature is ' #4, length of stationary object ' and the worsening factor is ' #2, weight of stationary object '.
Use the matrix to discover possible ways of solutions, the PRINCIPLES

1. Segmentation
2. Taking out
3. Local quality
4. Asymmetry
5. Merging
6. Universality
7. Nested doll
8. Anti-weight
9. Preliminary anti-action
10. Preliminary action
11. Beforehand cushioning
12. Equipotentiality
13. The other way round
14. Spheroidality - Curvature
15. Dynamics
16. Partial or excessive actions
17. Another dimension
18. Mechanical vibration
19. Periodic action
20. Continuity of useful action
21. Skipping
22. *Blessing in disguise* or *Turn Lemons into Lemonade*
23. Feedback
24. Intermediary
25. Self-service
26. Copying
27. Cheap short-living objects
28. Mechanics substitution
29. Pneumatics and hydraulics
30. Flexible shells and thin films
31. Porous materials
32. Color changes
33. Homogeneity
34. Discarding and recovering
35. Parameter changes
36. Phase transitions
37. Thermal expansion
38. Strong oxidants
39. Inert atmosphere
40. Composite materials
W o r s e n i n g   F e a t u r e
I
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F
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a
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e
Features123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839
1: Weight of moving object*
-
15 8
29 34
-
29 17
38 34
-
29 2
40 28
-
2 8
15 38
8 10
18 37
10 36
37 40
10 14
35 40
1 35
19 39
28 27
18 40
5 34
31 35
-
6 29
4 38
19 1
32
35 12
34 31
-
12 36
18 31
6 2
34 19
5 35
3 31
10 24
35
10 35
20 28
3 26
18 31
1 3
11 27
28 27
35 26
28 35
26 18
22 21
18 27
22 35
31 39
27 28
1 36
35 3
2 24
2 27
28 11
29 5
15 8
26 30
36 34
28 29
26 32
26 35
18 19
35 3
24 37
2: Weight of stationary-
*
-
10 1
29 35
-
35 30
13 2
-
5 35
14 2
-
8 10
19 35
13 29
10 18
13 10
29 14
26 39
1 40
28 2
10 27
-
2 27
19 6
28 19
32 22
19 32
35
-
18 19
28 1
15 19
18 22
18 19
28 15
5 8
13 30
10 15
35
10 20
35 26
19 6
18 26
10 28
8 3
18 26
28
10 1
35 17
2 19
22 37
35 22
1 39
28 1
9
6 13
1 32
2 27
28 11
19 15
29
1 10
26 39
25 28
17 15
2 26
35
1 28
15 35
3: Length of moving object 8 15
29 34
-
*
-
15 17
4
-
7 17
4 35
-
13 4
8
17 10
4
1 8
35
1 8
10 29
1 8
15 34
8 35
29 34
19
-
10 15
19
32
8 35
24
-
1 35

7 2
35 39
4 29
23 10
1 24

15 2
29
29 35

10 14
29 40
28 32
4
10 28
29 37
1 15
17 24
17 15

1 29
17
15 29
35 4
1 28
10
14 15
1 16
1 19
26 24
35 1
26 24
17 24
26 16
14 4
28 29
4: Length of stationary-
35 28
40 29
-
*
-
17 7
10 40
-
35 8
2 14
-
28 10

1 14
35
13 14
15 7
39 37
35
15 14
28 26
-
1 10
35
3 35
38 18
3 25

-
-
12 8

6 28

10 28
24 35
24 26

30 29
14
-
15 29
28
32 28
3
2 32
10
1 18

-
15 17
27
2 25

3
1 35

1 26

26
-
30 14
7 26
5: Area of moving object 2 17
29 4
-
14 15
18 4
-
*
-
7 14
17 4
-
29 30
4 34
19 30
35 2
10 15
36 28
5 34
29 4
11 2
13 39
3 15
40 14
6 3

-
2 15
16
15 32
19 13
19 32

-
19 10
32 18
15 17
30 26
10 35
2 39
30 26

26 4

29 30
6 13
29 9

26 28
32 3
2 32

22 33
28 1
17 2
18 39
13 1
26 24
15 17
13 16
15 13
10 1
15 30

14 1
13
2 36
26 18
14 30
28 23
10 26
34 2
6: Area of stationary-
30 2
14 18
-
26 7
9 39
-
*
-
-
-
1 18
35 36
10 15
36 37
-
2 38

40
-
2 10
19 30
35 39
38
-
-
-
17 32

17 7
30
10 14
18 39
30 16

10 35
4 18
2 18
40 4
32 35
40 4
26 28
32 3
2 29
18 36
27 2
39 35
22 1
40
40 16

16 4

16
15 16

1 18
36
2 35
30 18
23
10 15
17 7
7: Volume of moving object 2 26
29 40
-
1 7
4 35
-
1 7
4 17
-
*
-
29 4
38 34
15 35
36 37
6 35
36 37
1 15
29 4
28 10
1 39
9 14
15 7
6 35
4
-
34 39
10 18
2 13
10
35
-
35 6
13 18
7 15
13 16
36 39
34 10
2 22

2 6
34 10
29 30
7
14 1
40 11
25 26
28
25 28
2 16
22 21
27 35
17 2
40 1
29 1
40
15 13
30 12
10
15 29

26 1

29 26
4
35 34
16 24
10 6
2 34
8: Volume of stationary-
35 10
19 14
19 14

35 8
2 14
-
-
-
*
-
2 18
37
24 35

7 2
35
34 28
35 40
9 14
17 15
-
35 34
38
35 6
4
-
-
-
30 6

-
10 39
35 34
-
35 16
32 18
35 3

2 35
16
-
35 10
25
34 39
19 27
30 18
35 4
35
-
1
-
1 31

2 17
26
-
35 37
10 2
9: Speed 2 28
13 38
-
13 14
8
-
29 30
34
-
7 29
34
-
*
13 28
15 19
6 18
38 40
35 15
18 34
28 33
1 18
8 3
26 14
3 19
35 5
-
28 30
36 2
10 13
19
8 15
35 38
-
19 35
38 2
14 20
19 35
10 13
28 38
13 26

-
10 19
29 38
11 35
27 28
28 32
1 24
10 28
32 25
1 28
35 23
2 24
35 21
35 13
8 1
32 28
13 12
34 2
28 27
15 10
26
10 28
4 34
3 34
27 16
10 18

-
10: Force (Intensity) 8 1
37 18
18 13
1 28
17 19
9 36
28 10

19 10
15
1 18
36 37
15 9
12 37
2 36
18 37
13 28
15 12
*
18 21
11
10 35
40 34
35 10
21
35 10
14 27
19 2

-
35 10
21
-
19 17
10
1 16
36 37
19 35
18 37
14 15

8 35
40 5
-
10 37
36
14 29
18 36
3 35
13 21
35 10
23 24
28 29
37 36
1 35
40 18
13 3
36 24
15 37
18 1
1 28
3 25
15 1
11
15 17
18 20
26 35
10 18
36 37
10 19
2 35

3 28
35 37
11: Stress or pressure 10 36
37 40
13 29
10 18
35 10
36
35 1
14 16
10 15
36 28
10 15
36 37
6 35
10
35 24

6 35
36
36 35
21
*
35 4
15 10
35 33
2 40
9 18
3 40
19 3
27
-
35 39
19 2
-
14 24
10 37
-
10 35
14
2 36
25
10 36
3 37
-
37 36
4
10 14
36
10 13
19 35
6 28
25
3 35

22 2
37
2 33
27 18
1 35
16
11
2
35
19 1
35
2 36
37
35 24

10 14
35 37
12: Shape 8 10
29 40
15 10
26 3
29 34
5 4
13 14
10 7
5 34
4 10
-
14 4
15 22
7 2
35
35 15
34 18
35 10
37 40
34 15
10 14
*
33 1
18 4
30 14
10 40
14 26
9 25
-
22 14
19 32
13 15
32
2 6
34 14
-
4 6
2
14
35 29
3 5
-
14 10
34 17
36 22

10 40
16
28 32
1
32 30
40
22 1
2 35
35 1

1 32
17 28
32 15
26
2 13
1
1 15
29
16 29
1 28
15 13
39
15 1
32
17 26
34 10
13: Stability of the object 21 35
2 39
26 39
1 40
13 15
1 28
37
2 11
13
39
28 10
19 39
34 28
35 40
33 15
28 18
10 35
21 16
2 35
40
22 1
18 4
*
17 9
15
13 27
10 35
39 3
35 23
35 1
32
32 3
27 16
13 19

27 4
29 18
32 35
27 31
14 2
39 6
2 14
30 40
-
35 27

15 32
35
-
13
18
35 24
30 18
35 40
27 39
35 19

32 35
30
2 35
10 16
35 30
34 2
2 35
22 26
35 22
39 23
1 8
35
23 35
40 3
14: Strength 1 8
40 15
40 26
27 1
1 15
8 35
15 14
28 26
3 34
40 29
9 40
28
10 15
14 7
9 14
17 15
8 13
26 14
10 18
3 14
10 3
18 40
10 30
35 40
13 17
35
*
27 3
26
-
30 10
40
35 19

19 35
10
35
10 26
35 28
35
35 28
31 40
-
29 3
28 10
29 10
27
11 3

3 27
16
3 27

18 35
37 1
15 35
22 2
11 3
10 32
32 40
25 2
27 11
3
15 3
32
2 13
25 28
27 3
15 40
15
29 35
10 14
15: Durability of moving obj. 19 5
34 31
-
2 19
9
-
3 17
19
-
10 2
19 30
-
3 35
5
19 2
16
19 3
27
14 26
28 25
13 3
35
27 3
10
*
-
19 35
39
2 19
4 35
28 6
35 18
-
19 10
35 38
-
28 27
3 18
10
20 10
28 18
3 35
10 40
11 2
13
3
3 27
16 40
22 15
33 28
21 39
16 22
27 1
4
12 27

29 10
27
1 35
13
10 4
29 15
19 29
39 35
6 10

35 17
14 19
16: Durability of non moving obj.-
6 27
19 16
-
1 40
35
-
-
-
35 34
38
-
-
-
-
39 3
35 23
-
-
*
19 18
36 40
-
-
-
16
-
27 16
18 38
10
28 20
10 16
3 35
31
34 27
6 40
10 26
24
-
17 1
40 33
22
35 10

1
1
2
-
25 34
6 35
1
20 10
16 38
17: Temperature 36 22
6 38
22 35
32
15 19
9
15 19
9
3 35
39 18
35 38

34 39
40 18
35 6
4
2 28
36 30
35 10
3 21
35 39
19 2
14 22
19 32
1 35
32
10 30
22 40
19 13
39
19 18
36 40
*
32 30
21 16
19 15
3 17
-
2 14
17 25
21 17
35 38
21 36
29 31
-
35 28
21 18
3 17
30 39
19 35
3 10
32 19
24
24
22 33
35 2
22 35
2 24
26 27

26 27

4 10
16
2 18
27
2 17
16
3 27
35 31
26 2
19 16
15 28
35
18: Illumination intensity 19 1
32
2 35
32
19 32
16
-
19 32
26
-
2 13
10
-
10 13
19
26 19
6
-
32 30

32 3
27
35 19

2 19
6
-
32 35
19
*
32 1
19
32 35
1 15
32
13 16
1 6
13 1

1 6

19 1
26 17
1 19

-
11 15
32
3 32

15 19

35 19
32 39
19 35
28 26
28 26
19
15 17
13 16
15 1
19
6 32
13
32 15

2 26
10
2 25
16
19: Use of energy by moving 12 18
28 31
-
12 28

-
15 19
25
-
35 13
18
-
8 35

16 26
21 2
23 14
25
12 2
29
19 13
17 24
5 19
9 35
28 35
6 18
-
19 24
3 14
2 15
19
*
-
6 19
37 18
12 22
15 24
35 24
18 5
-
35 38
19 18
34 23
16 18
19 21
11 27
3 1
32
-
1 35
6 27
2 35
6
28 26
30
19 35

1 15
17 28
15 17
13 16
2 29
27 28
35 38

32 2

12 28
35
20: Use of energy by stationary-
19 9
6 27
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
36 37

-
-
27 4
29 18
35
-
-
-
19 2
35 32
-
*
-
-
28 27
18 31
-
-
3 35
31
10 36
23
-
-
10 2
22 37
19 22
18
1 4

-
-
-
-
19 35
16 25
-
1 6

21: Power 8 36
38 31
19 26
17 27
1 10
35 37
-
19 38

17 32
13 38
35 6
38
30 6
25
15 35
2
26 2
36 35
22 10
35
29 14
2 40
35 32
15 31
26 10
28
19 35
10 38
16
2 14
17 25
16 6
19
16 6
19 37
-
*
10 35
38
28 27
18 38
10 19

35 20
10 6
4 34
19
19 24
26 31
32 15
2
32 2

19 22
31 2
2 35
18
26 10
34
26 35
10
35 2
10 34
19 17
34
20 19
30 34
19 35
16
28 2
17
28 35
34
22: Loss of Energy 15 6
19 28
19 6
18 9
7 2
6 13
6 38
7
15 26
17 30
17 7
30 18
7 18
23
7
16 35
38
36 38

-
-
14 2
39 6
26
-
-
19 38
7
1 13
32 15
-
-
3 38

*
35 27
2 37
19 10

10 18
32 7
7 18
25
11 10
35
32
-
21 22
35 2
21 35
2 22
-
35 32
1
2 19

-
7 23

35 3
15 23
2
28 10
29 35
23: Loss of substance 35 6
23 40
35 6
22 32
14 29
10 39
10 28
24
35 2
10 31
10 18
39 31
1 29
30 36
3 39
18 31
10 13
28 38
14 15
18 40
3 36
37 10
29 35
3 5
2 14
30 40
35 28
31 40
28 27
3 18
27 16
18 38
21 36
39 31
1 6
13
35 18
24 5
28 27
12 31
28 27
18 38
35 27
2 31
*
-
15 18
35 10
6 3
10 24
10 29
39 35
16 34
31 28
35 10
24 31
33 22
30 40
10 1
34 29
15 34
33
32 28
2 24
2 35
34 27
15 10
2
35 10
28 24
35 18
10 13
35 10
18
28 35
10 23
24: Loss of Information 10 24
35
10 35
5
1 26

26
30 26

30 16

-
2 22

26 32

-
-
-
-
-
10
10
-
19
-
-
10 19

19 10

-
*
24 26
28 32
24 28
35
10 28
23
-
-
22 10
1
10 21
22
32
27 22

-
-
-
35 33

35
13 23
15
25: Loss of Time 10 20
37 35
10 20
26 5
15 2
29
30 24
14 5
26 4
5 16
10 35
17 4
2 5
34 10
35 16
32 18
-
10 37
36 5
37 36
4
4 10
34 17
35 3
22 5
29 3
28 18
20 10
28 18
28 20
10 16
35 29
21 18
1 19
26 17
35 38
19 18
1
35 20
10 6
10 5
18 32
35 18
10 39
24 26
28 32
*
35 38
18 16
10 30
4
24 34
28 32
24 26
28 18
35 18
34
35 22
18 39
35 28
34 4
4 28
10 34
32 1
10
35 28

6 29

18 28
32 10
24 28
35 30
-
26: Quantity of substance/the 35 6
18 31
27 26
18 35
29 14
35 18
-
15 14
29
2 18
40 4
15 20
29
-
35 29
34 28
35 14
3
10 36
14 3
35 14

15 2
17 40
14 35
34 10
3 35
10 40
3 35
31
3 17
39
-
34 29
16 18
3 35
31
35
7 18
25
6 3
10 24
24 28
35
35 38
18 16
*
18 3
28 40
13 2
28
33 30

35 33
29 31
3 35
40 39
29 1
35 27
35 29
25 10
2 32
10 25
15 3
29
3 13
27 10
3 27
29 18
8 35

13 29
3 27
27: Reliability 3 8
10 40
3 10
8 28
15 9
14 4
15 29
28 11
17 10
14 16
32 35
40 4
3 10
14 24
2 35
24
21 35
11 28
8 28
10 3
10 24
35 19
35 1
16 11
-
11 28

2 35
3 25
34 27
6 40
3 35
10
11 32
13
21 11
27 19
36 23

21 11
26 31
10 11
35
10 35
29 39
10 28

10 30
4
21 28
40 3
*
32 3
11 23
11 32
1
27 35
2 40
35 2
40 26
-
27 17
40
1 11

13 35
8 24
13 35
1
27 40
28
11 13
27
1 35
29 38
28: Measurement accuracy 32 35
26 28
28 35
25 26
28 26
5 16
32 28
3 16
26 28
32 3
26 28
32 3
32 13
6
-
28 13
32 24
32 2

6 28
32
6 28
32
32 35
13
28 6
32
28 6
32
10 26
24
6 19
28 24
6 1
32
3 6
32
-
3 6
32
26 32
27
10 16
31 28
-
24 34
28 32
2 6
32
5 11
1 23
*
-
28 24
22 26
3 33
39 10
6 35
25 18
1 13
17 34
1 32
13 11
13 35
2
27 35
10 34
26 24
32 28
28 2
10 34
10 34
28 32
29: Manufacturing precision 28 32
13 18
28 35
27 9
10 28
29 37
2 32
10
28 33
29 32
2 29
18 36
32 23
2
25 10
35
10 28
32
28 19
34 36
3 35

32 30
40
30 18

3 27

3 27
40
-
19 26

3 32

32 2

-
32 2

13 32
2
35 31
10 24
-
32 26
28 18
32 30

11 32
1
-
*
26 28
10 36
4 17
34 26
-
1 32
35 23
25 10

-
26 2
18
-
26 28
18 23
10 18
32 39
30: Object-affected harmful 22 21
27 39
2 22
13 24
17 1
39 4
1 18

22 1
33 28
27 2
39 35
22 23
37 35
34 39
19 27
21 22
35 28
13 35
39 18
22 2
37
22 1
3 35
35 24
30 18
18 35
37 1
22 15
33 28
17 1
40 33
22 33
35 2
1 19
32 13
1 24
6 27
10 2
22 37
19 22
31 2
21 22
35 2
33 22
19 40
22 10
2
35 18
34
35 33
29 31
27 24
2 40
28 33
23 26
26 28
10 18
*
-
24 35
2
2 25
28 39
35 10
2
35 11
22 31
22 19
29 40
22 19
29 40
33 3
34
22 35
13 24
31: Object-generated harmful 19 22
15 39
35 22
1 39
17 15
16 22
-
17 2
18 39
22 1
40
17 2
40
30 18
35 4
35 28
3 23
35 28
1 40
2 33
27 18
35 1

35 40
27 39
15 35
22 2
15 22
33 31
21 39
16 22
22 35
2 24
19 24
39 32
2 35
6
19 22
18
2 35
18
21 35
2 22
10 1
34
10 21
29
1 22

3 24
39 1
24 2
40 39
3 33
26
4 17
34 26
-
*
-
-
-
-
19 1
31
2 21
27 1
2
22 35
18 39
32: Ease of manufacture 28 29
15 16
1 27
36 13
1 29
13 17
15 17
27
13 1
26 12
16 40

13 29
1 40
35
35 13
8 1
35 12

35 19
1 37
1 28
13 27
11 13
1
1 3
10 32
27 1
4
35 16

27 26
18
28 24
27 1
28 26
27 1
1 4

27 1
12 24
19 35

15 34
33
32 24
18 16
35 28
34 4
35 23
1 24
-
1 35
12 18
-
24 2

-
*
2 5
13 16
35 1
11 9
2 13
15
27 26
1
6 28
11 1
8 28
1
35 1
10 28
33: Ease of operation 25 2
13 15
6 13
1 25
1 17
13 12
-
1 17
13 16
18 16
15 39
1 16
35 15
4 18
39 31
18 13
34
28 13
35
2 32
12
15 34
29 28
32 35
30
32 40
3 28
29 3
8 25
1 16
25
26 27
13
13 17
1 24
1 13
24
-
35 34
2 10
2 19
13
28 32
2 24
4 10
27 22
4 28
10 34
12 35

17 27
8 40
25 13
2 34
1 32
35 23
2 25
28 39
-
2 5
12
*
12 26
1 32
15 34
1 16
32 26
12 17
-
1 34
12 3
15 1
28
34: Ease of repair 2 27
35 11
2 27
35 11
1 28
10 25
3 18
31
15 13
32
16 25

25 2
35 11
1
34 9

1 11
10
13
1 13
2 4
2 35

11 1
2 9
11 29
28 27
1
4 10

15 1
13
15 1
28 16
-
15 10
32 2
15 1
32 19
2 35
34 27
-
32 1
10 25
2 28
10 25
11 10
1 16
10 2
13
25 10

35 10
2 16
-
1 35
11 10
1 12
26 15
*
7 1
4 16
35 1
13 11
-
34 35
7 13
1 32
10
35: Adaptability or versatility 1 6
15 8
19 15
29 16
35 1
29 2
1 35
16
35 30
29 7
15 16

15 35
29
-
35 10
14
15 17
20
35 16

15 37
1 8
35 30
14
35 3
32 6
13 1
35
2 16

27 2
3 35
6 22
26 1
19 35
29 13
-
19 1
29
18 15
1
15 10
2 13
-
35 28

3 35
15
35 13
8 24
35 5
1 10
-
35 11
32 31
-
1 13
31
15 34
1 16
1 16
7 4
*
15 29
37 28
1
27 34
35
35 28
6 37
36: Device complexity 26 30
34 36
2 26
35 39
1 19
26 24
26
14 1
13 16
6 36

34 26
6
1 16

34 10
28
26 16

19 1
35
29 13
28 15
2 22
17 19
2 13
28
10 4
28 15
-
2 17
13
24 17
13
27 2
29 28
-
20 19
30 34
10 35
13 2
35 10
28 29
-
6 29

13 3
27 10
13 35
1
2 26
10 34
26 24
32
22 19
29 40
19 1

27 26
1 13
27 9
26 24
1 13

29 15
28 37
*
15 10
37 28
15 1
24
12 17
28
37: Difficulty of detecting 27 26
28 13
6 13
28 1
16 17
26 24
26
2 13
18 17
2 39
30 16
29 1
4 16
2 18
26 31
3 4
16 35
30 28
40 19
35 36
37 32
27 13
1 39
11 22
39 30
27 3
15 28
19 29
39 25
25 34
6 35
3 27
35 16
2 24
26
35 38

19 35
16
18 1
16 10
35 3
15 19
1 18
10 24
35 33
27 22
18 28
32 9
3 27
29 18
27 40
28 8
26 24
32 28
-
22 19
29 28
2 21

5 28
11 29
2 5

12 26

1 15

15 10
37 28
*
34 21

35 18

38: Extent of automation 28 26
18 35
28 26
35 10
14 13
17 28
23
17 14
13
-
35 13
16
-
28 10

2 35

13 35

15 32
1 13
18 1

25 13

6 9

-
26 2
19
8 32
19
2 32
13
-
28 2
27
23 28

35 10
18 5
35 33

24 28
35 30
35 13

11 27
32
28 26
10 34
28 26
18 23
2 33

2
1 26
13
1 12
34 3
1 35
13
27 4
1 35
15 24
10
34 27
25
*
5 12
35 26
39: Productivity 35 26
24 37
28 27
15 3
18 4
28 38
30 7
14 26
10 26
34 31
10 35
17 7
2 6
34 10
35 37
10 2
-
28 15
10 36
10 37
14
14 10
34 40
35 3
22 39
29 28
10 18
35 10
2 18
20 10
16 38
35 21
28 10
26 17
19 1
35 10
38 19
1
35 20
10
28 10
29 35
28 10
35 23
13 15
23
-
35 38

1 35
10 38
1 10
34 28
18 10
32 1
22 35
13 24
35 22
18 39
35 28
2 24
1 28
7 10
1 32
10 25
1 35
28 37
12 17
28 24
35 18
27 2
5 12
35 26
*
© SolidCreativity 2014